Damage evolution of composite structures at low speeds under the effect of the number of folds and impact loads

Saad Mohamed, Djamel Ouinas

Abstract


Composite materials currently occupy an important place in all industrial sectors their sensitivity to the same impacts at low velocity raises some preoccupations to limit their scope .On the basis of a numerical simulation, the code of calculation Abaqus 6.14, was used to simulate the impact behavior to predict the damage to the fibers and the matrix of the composite structures subjected to any impact. This work deals with the evolution of the damage on the individual layers of a plate composite graphite / epoxy laminated [0m / 90n ] s composite under dynamic loading effect different velocity of the impactor and the evolution of the deformation energy as a result of different speeds of impact and the various layers of the composite structure.

Keywords


Velocity of impact; Damage; Analysis by finite elements; Composite Materials

References


- CT. Sun, S. Chattopadhyay, Dynamic response of anisotropic laminated plates under initial stress to impact of a mass, J. Appl. Mech. 43(3) (1975) 693-698, doi:10.1115/1.3423664

- T.M. Tan, C.T. Sun, Use of statical indentation law in the impact analysis of laminated composite plates. J. Appl. Mech. 5(1) (1985) 693-698, doi:10.1115/1.3169029

- K.N Shivakumar, W. Elber, W. Illg, Prediction of low-velocity impact damage in thin circular laminate. AIAA J. 23(3) (1985) 442- 449, doi:10.2514/3.8933

- C. Doan, P. Hamelin, Résistance au choc à faible vitesse de structures composites, DYMAT. 5me Journée nationale, Polymères et composites- résistance à l’impact, Bordeaux, décembre, 1989

- J.M. Whitney, N.J. Pagano, Shear deformation in heterogeneous anisotropic plates. J. Appl. Mech., 37(4) (1970) 1031-1036, doi:10.1115/1.3408654

- S. Abrate, Impact on laminated composite materials. Appl. Mech. Rev. 44(4) (1991) 155-190, doi:10.1115/1.3119500

- S. Abrate, impact on laminated composites: recent advances. Appl. Mech. Rev. 47, 11 (1994) 5I7-544, doi:10.1115/1.3111065

- C.A. Ross, L.E. Malvern, R.L. Sierakowski, N. Takeda, Finite element analysis of interlaminar shear stress due to local impact. ASTM STP 864 (1985) 355-367. doi:10.1520/STP32800S

- S.P. Joshi, CT. Sun, Impact Induced fracture in a laminated composite. J. Comp. Mater. 19(1) (1985) 51-66, doi:10.1177/002199838501900104

- S. Abrate, Localised impact on sandwich structures with laminated facings. Appl. Mech. Rev. 50(2) (1997) 69-82, doi:10.1115/1.3101689

- W.J. Cantwell, J. Morton, Comparison of the low and high velocity impact response of CFRP. Composites, 20(6) (1989) 545-551, doi:10.1016/0010-4361(89)90913-0

- A. Chabot, Analyse des efforts d'interface dans les structures en matériaux composites à l'aide de modélisations multiparticulaires des matériaux multicouhes. Thèse de doctorat de l'Ecole Nationale des Ponts et Chaussées, 1996.

- B.R. Petersen, Finite element analysis of composite plate impacted by a projectile. Ph.D. dissertation, department of Engineering Sciences. University of Florida, 1986.

- J.P. Hou, N. Petrinic, C. Ruiz, S.R. Hallett, Prediction of impact damage in composite plates. Comp. Sci. Technol. 60(2) (2000) 273-281, doi:10.1016/S0266-3538(99)00126-8

- J.M. Berthelot, Matériaux composites: Comportement mécanique et analyse des structures. Paris, (1992) Ed. Masson

- H. Aggour, C.T. Sun, Finite element analysis of a laminate composite plate subjected to circularly distributed central impact loading. Comput. Struct. 28(6) (1988) 729-736, doi:10.1016/0045-7949(88)90412-9

- S. Abrate, Modeling of impacts on composite structures. Compos. Struct. 51(2) (2001) 129-138, doi:10.1016/S0263-8223(00)00138-0

- R. Olsson, simplified theory for contact indentation of sandwich panels. FFA TN 1994-33, The aeronautical research institute of Sweden, Stockholm

- N.J. Pagano, Exact solutions for rectangular bidirectional composites and sandwich plates. J. Compos. Mater. 4(1) (1970) 20-34. doi:10.1177/002199837000400102

- N.J. Pagano, Stress fields in composite laminates. Int. J. Solid. Struct. 14(5) (1978) 385-400, doi:10.1016/0020-7683(78)90020-3

- N.J. Pagano, S.R. Soni, Global-local variational mode. Int. J. Solid. Struct. 19(3) (1983) 207-228, doi:10.1016/0020-7683(83)90058-6

- D.H. Cooper, Hertzian contact stress deformation coefficients. J. Appl. Mech. 36(2) (1969) 296-303, doi:10.1115/1.3564624

- K.M. Mikkor, R.S. Thomson, I. Herszberg, T. Weller, A.P. Mouritz, Finite element modelling of impact on preloaded composite panels. Compos. Struct. 75(1-4) (2006) 501-513, doi:10.1016/j.compstruct.2006.04.056

- Y. Gao, Y. Zhao, K. Dong, Delamination Damage Propagation Behavior of Composite Laminate Plate Under Low-Velocity Impact Using a New Adhesive Layer Model. Int. J. Aero. Lightweight Struct. 3(3) (2013) doi:10.3850/S201042861300010X.

- J. P. B. Ramirez, D. Halm, J-C. Grandidier, Simulation de la rupture de structures composites par une approche à directions fixes de l’endommagement. AMAC, 17ème Journées Nationales sur les Composites (JNC17), (2011), 99, Poitiers-Futuroscope, France.

- O.Westphal, N.Bahlouli, Y.Remond, P. Olivier, L. Gornet, et al, Caractérisation des dommages au choc de composites stratifiés aéronautiques : application a la chute d'objets. AMAC, 17ème Journées Nationales sur les Composites (JNC17), (2011), 172, Poitiers-Futuroscope, France

- El Hassan. I, Jamal. E, Mohamed .A, Mohamed. H, Modélisation et simulation de la rupture et de la dégradation de la rigidité d’un graphite époxyde en flexion trois points, 18ème Congrès Français de Mécanique Grenoble, 27-31 août 2007


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

ISSN 2170-127X

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://revue.ummto.dz.